Grade 2

Math Curriculum


In Grade 2, instructional time should focus on four areas: (1) extending understanding of base-ten notation; (2) building fluency with addition and subtraction; (3) using standard units of measure; and (4) analyzing and classifying two dimensional shapes as polygons or non-polygons. Please note that while every standard/topic in the grade level has not been included in this overview, all standards should be included in instruction.

  1. Through their learning in the Number and Operations in Base Ten domain, students: extend their understanding of the base-ten system. This includes ideas of counting in fives, tens, and multiples of hundreds, tens, and ones, as well as number relationships involving these units, including comparing; and understand multi-digit numbers (up to 1000) written in base-ten notation, recognizing that the digits in each place represent amounts of thousands, hundreds, tens, or ones (e.g., 853 is 8 hundreds + 5 tens + 3 ones).
  2. Through their learning in the Operations and Algebraic Thinking and Numbers and Operations in Base Ten domains, students: use their understanding of addition to develop fluency with addition and subtraction within 100; solve problems within 1000 by applying their understanding of models for addition and subtraction, and they develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to compute sums and differences of whole numbers in base-ten notation, using their understanding of place value and the properties of operations; and select and accurately apply methods that are appropriate for the context and the numbers involved to mentally calculate sums and differences for numbers with only tens or only hundreds.
  3. Through their learning in the Measurement and Data domain, students: recognize the need for standard units of measure (centimeter and inch) and use rulers and other measurement tools with the understanding that linear measure involves an iteration of units; and recognize that the smaller the unit, the more iterations needed to cover a given length.
  4. Through their learning in the Geometry domain, students: describe and classify shapes as polygons or non-polygons; investigate, describe, and reason about decomposing and combining shapes to make other shapes; and draw, partition, and analyze two-dimensional shapes to develop a foundation for understanding area, congruence, similarity, and fractions in later grades.

Cooperative Problem Solving:

Twice a month, students will work in groups to solve challenging math problems. Students will work on collaboration, questioning, and presentation skills, in addition to developing critical thinking skills. Students assess their work using a math rubric and computational thinking rubric.

Problem of the Day:

Students are given a daily word problem that is repeated practice of previously learned material. Problem of the day helps students build automaticity in math, through continuous practice. Students use a math rubric to self-assess their work and the work of their peers.

Fact Fluency:

Your child will practice and memorize grade appropriate math facts in addition and subtraction to help build automaticity.

English Language Arts Curriculum

To build a foundation for college and career readiness, students must read widely and deeply from among a broad range of high-quality, increasingly challenging literary and informational texts. Through extensive reading of stories, dramas, poems, and myths from diverse cultures and different time periods, students gain literary and cultural knowledge as well as familiarity with various text structures and elements. By reading texts in history/social studies, science, and other disciplines, students build a foundation of knowledge in these fields that will also give them the background to be better readers in all content areas.


Level 2 of Fundations builds on the basic skills that were learned in Kindergarten and Level 1  and progress further into the study of word structure.  By the end of Level 2 students will be able to :

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
  • Segment syllables into sounds (phonemes).
  • Identity word structures such as vowels, consonants, blends, digraphs, and digraph blends.
  • Identity parts of words (syllables, basewords, suffixes)
  • Identify all syllable types:  closed, vowel-consonant-e, open r-controlled, vowel digraph, consonant-le)
  • Distinguish between long and short vowels.
  • Read words with long and short vowels.
  • Read and spell words with r-controlled vowels (ar, er, ir, or, ur)
  • Read and spell words with vowel teams (ai, ay, ee, ey, ea, oi, oy, oa, ow, oe, ou, oo, ue, ew, au, aw)
  • Read and spell words with unexpected vowel sounds (old, ild, ind, ost, olt, ive)
  • Read and spell words with suffixes.
  • Read and spell words with prefixes.
  • Divide words with multiple syllables.

Guided Reading and Writing:

A small group of 4-6 second grade students meet with the teacher to practice reading, writing, and speaking. Students read an instructional level book in a group, focusing on decoding, vocabulary acquisition and comprehension skills.  Students engage in conversations to help make predictions using prior knowledge or experiences to understand story elements.  Students discuss important details to help them retell important events in the text. 

Into Reading:

Second graders will learn reading. writing, and language skills through the Into Reading Program. They will be exposed to a variety of fiction and non fiction texts during each unit. Each module will focus on a specific reading skill during instructional time.  Unit goals include:  identifying point of view, identifying the main idea and supporting details, asking questions about the text, story structure and text features

Fountas & Pinnell:

The Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Systems are accurate and reliable tools PS 86 teachers use to identify the instructional and independent reading levels of students. This assessment tool is also used to document student progress through one-on-one formative and summative assessments


Students will learn about the writing process as they publish writing pieces throughout the year to prepare them for Performance-Based Assessments (PBAs). The PBAs and writing pieces will be graded using the 6 + 1 Traits of Writing rubric.  This rubric will assess the organization, voice, sentence fluency, word choice, organization, conventions, and presentation of the piece. Second graders will complete a variety of writing pieces including: narrative, informational, biography, opinion, and poetry.